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nadaljevalni PubMED: PICO metoda

PICO metoda

PICO metoda

  • Metoda za kvalitativno iskanje
  • Koncept za oblikovanje vprašanja, za katerega želimo dobiti odgovore v obliki referenc
  • NI Potrebno uporabiti vseh elementov (PICO), lahko samo PIO.   Pogosto vprašanje!!!!!

 

P – population/people/patient/problem

I – intervention(s)

C –  Comparison

O – Outcome

 

 

Tipi vprašanj:

 

  • Terapija (zdravila, operacije, sprememba življenjskega stila):

In patient with furunculosis (P), do prophylactic antibiotics (I) compare to no treatment (C), reduce the recurrence rate (O)?

  • Diagnoza (diagnostični test ali postopek):

In middle-aged men with suspected myocardial infarction (P), are serial 12-lead ECGs (I) compared with one initial 12-lead ECG (C) more accurate in diagnosing an acute myocardial infarction (O)?

  • Etiologija (intervencija ali izpostavljenost, vključuje tudi dolžino izpostavljenosti ali moč dejavnika tveganja:

Do adults (P) who bing drink  (I) compred to those who do not binge drink (C) have higher mortaliy rate (O)?

  • Prognoza (ponavadi čas):

In man that suffers hip fractures (P) within the year after injury (I)what is the relative risk of death (O)?

C: Comparison or control

Glede na:

  • terapijo: standardna, nestandardna, druga intervencijo, placebo

In patient with furunculosis, do prophylactic antibiotics compare to no treatment, reduce the recurrence rate?

  • diagnozo:  referenčni standard, gold standard za testiranje bolezni ali stanja

IIn middle-aged men with suspected myocardial infarction (P), are serial 12-lead ECGs (I) compared with one initial 12-lead ECG (C) more accurate in diagnosing an acute myocardial infarction (O)?

  • etiologijo: ponavadi ni, lahko le alternativa

Do adults who bing drinks compred to those who do not binge drink have higher mortaliy rate?

  • prognoza: ni

O: Outcome

  • terapija: mortality rate, pain, disability

In patient with furunculosis, do prophylactic antibiotics compare to no treatment, reduce the recurrence rate?

  • diagnoza: uporabnost testa, občutljiovost, specifičnost, razmerje obetov

In middle-aged men with suspected myocardial infarction (P), are serial 12-lead ECGs (I) compared with one initial 12-lead ECG (C) more accurate in diagnosing an acute myocardial infarction (O)?

  • prognoza: survival rate, mortality rate, stopnja bolezni ali napredka

In man that suffers hip fractures within the year after injury what is the relative risk of death?

  • etiologija: survival rate, mortality rate, stopnja bolezni ali napredka
  • Do adults who bing drinks compred to those who do not binge drink have higher mortaliy rate?